Landscapers work with green spaces such as parks and gardens, carrying out general maintenance and improvements.
What Does a Landscaper Do?
Landscapers work outside, performing a variety of tasks to and within landscapes. They can work rurally such as at state parks or other green spaces, or in our urban green areas - both public and private land. As their work is labor intensive, they need to be relatively fit and healthy. Their tasks include such varied roles as planting, weeding, installing water features, altering land gradient, improvements to drainage, laying new turf or paving, and other improvements and general maintenance. Their roles will be similar but not identical to foresters. They need to know how to use certain equipment, and to use it safely. They may be expected to use a chainsaw and other potentially dangerous equipment to chop down fallen trees and remove thick foliage. Leaf blowers, mattocks, trowels, shovels and spades are also common tools. Sometimes, they will work with landscape designers or landscape architects, carrying out the manual work on their instruction.
As they have flexible skills, they can work almost anywhere - at conservation sites as often as at historic homes, at state parks and providing door-to-door services in residential areas. Landscapers' work is often seasonal; those who are self-employed and work for residents will see more work during the warmer months than the colder periods, although there will be demand in the colder months too.
Where Does a Landscaper Work?
There are approximately 1.2m people with landscaper or similar as a job title, carrying out the tasks listed above. The majority work in buildings services - residential and commercial. Increasingly, our workplaces are becoming greener as businesses see the benefits of creating a pleasant work environment for employees. This means green spaces including gardens, water features and attractive plants. These features need to be maintained and so groundskeepers are employed to maintain them. A large majority will work as self-employed groundskeepers or for developers carrying out work in residential homes or in shared space on residential developments. This makes up over 40% of the employee numbers.
8% work for state government which includes state parks and other public spaces. This figure does not include education and hospital facilities. The third largest employment is tourism, leisure and recreation. Diverse examples of leisure include varied areas like boating lakes and amusement parks (Disneyworld). These facilities employ some 7% of the total. The next largest employer is educational services - schools and colleges often have green spaces and grounds that make for a pleasant environment.
What Is the Average Landscaper Salary?
Landscaping is a low paid vocational job. The median wage as at May 2015 was $12.31 per hour. The lowest 10% earned $8.93 per hour and the highest 10% of earners earned $19.86 per hour. There is regional variation and different wages depending on the specialist skills. Those employed as tree trimmers and pruners earned an average of $16.10, but those employed purely as grounds-keeping staff earned $12.03 per hour. The highest median payers were educational establishments at $14.49. Local and state government paid above the average at $13.65 per hour. Building services, employing the largest number by far, paid an average of $12.34 per hour, which was about the average overall.
|State||Total Employment||Bottom 25%||Median Salary||Top 75%|
|District of Columbia||590||$26,120||$32,460||$42,370|
Table data taken from BLS (http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes373011.htm)
Landscaping Jobs & Job Description
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A Landscaper is responsible for creating curb appeal for homes and offices, and providing routine maintenance of the outdoor spaces at a variety of properties, such as golf courses, municipal properties, and retirement homes. The skills required for this position include:
- Ability to work independently and as a positive member within a team
- Capacity to take direction and report to a supervisor
- Work at a variety of work sites and travel to various locations
- Capability to use landscaping equipment required to perform tasks, such as chainsaws, leaf blowers, lawn mowers, and snow blowers
- Exposure to extreme temperatures, weather conditions and environmental conditions, such as dust, grease and noise
- Ability to handle chemicals and fertilizers properly and safely
- Dexterity to work with hands and must be strong, as work can be physically demanding
- Perform work physically outdoors; work can include pruning trees and shrubs, applying fertilizer, seasonal clean up and mowing grass
- Implement enhancement projects to areas by adding mulch, a variety of plants, and lawn care
- Operate all equipment safely and maintain a safe work environment
- Ability to meet project deadlines and use time efficiently
- Maintain and inspect equipment for use at job sites and notify supervisor if repairs are required
A Landscape Crew Leader or Manager incorporates a management role and utilizes many of the same skills required for a Landscaper. Skills required by Landscape Crew Leaders or Managers include:
- Hold a diploma in landscaping or have extensive experience working in landscaping
- Supervise a crew of Landscapers
- Mentor landscaping crew and provide recommendations to work plans as work is completed
- Oversee landscaping projects and ensure work is completed according to timelines and targets are met
- Design landscaping plans for work sites
- Develop budgets for landscaping designs
- Possess excellent communication skills to present landscaping designs and budgets to clients and management
- Ensure that work crews are following safety protocols and personal protective equipment is available and in good working condition
- Possess knowledge of various landscape and hardscape techniques and concepts
What Is the Job Demand for Landscapers?
Job demand for this role is expected to grow at 6% between 2014 and 2024. This is about the average of all jobs across the country. The reason it is expected to remain static is that green spaces - commercial, residential, public and government owned, will always need maintenance. The low paying nature of the role and the lack of required qualifications required means that anybody who is fit and healthy can do the job. People will always need others to mow their lawns, clear their driveways, keep public footpaths and other tracks free of undergrowth. Commercial spaces will always need their green spaces maintained. With municipalities planting more trees and setting aside more land for green space (for environmental as well as aesthetic reasons) the job may even grow.
What Are the Education Requirements to Become a Landscaper?
In most cases, no formal education is required. Key skills are learned in the process of carrying out the job. Therefore, in most cases, students will require a High School Diploma at the very most. Even then, this may not be required. Should the role include handling of fertilizers or other agricultural chemicals such as pesticides, you may need to seek safety certification in their use. Safety training for potentially dangerous equipment (such as hedge trimmers and chainsaws) will be taught on the job and safety certification acquired as part of it.
More lucrative, better paying and public facing roles may require some formal knowledge of horticulture, arboriculture, landscape design or ecology. Not always necessary, when apply for work at state parks, heritage areas or conservation areas, such qualifications will be advantageous if not preferable to the employer.
Those who demonstrate aptitude may find themselves subject to promotion and greater responsibility. Extra qualifications will not be required; merely the experience and understanding of the role will be sufficient.
Landscaping - Related Degrees
What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do Landscapers Have?
Landscapers are a large and important workforce with the following professional bodies.
- Professional Grounds Management Society: Offering certification for professional grounds maintenance people, they aid education and development in this area of manual labor. It is not a trade association, but an individual representative organization
- International Society of Arboriculture: For those working largely with trees, they promote the need for trees and the proper care of them in green and urban spaces
- National Association of Landscape Professionals: The largest trade association for professionals in this area, they represent over 100,000 voices of people who largely work with lawn care and water management