Computer Aided Design Technicians use specialist software to produce, design, and engineer schematics, technical drawings, plans.
What Does a Computer Aided Design Technician Do?
A Computer Aided Design or CAD Technician works in an office environment with specialist software for the design of structures, products and systems. Regardless of which industry or area they work, their skills are transferable. Modern CAD technicians may work with either 2D (surface modeling) or 3D plans (solid modeling). In the 21st century, some CAD Technicians may be involved in 3D printing, a recent technology that allows the fast production of prototypes and models.
Their tasks include a variety of design responsibilities including producing design plans for prototypes. They may or may not be engineers with the technical knowledge that entails, and they may or may not have input into the production of the design. They will also be involved in the modification of digital designs while a product is still in the planning and design stage. This means they may be required to add technical data for reporting.
New products, especially electronic products, require designs and prototypes to ensure that they work as described. This is why any new product on the market requires lengthy testing, design approval, working models, prototypes and finally the finished design. Increasingly, they are using their transferable skills to design environments and landscapes. In this way, they have some skills in common with GIS specialists.
Computer Aided Design Technicians go by other names including drafters, CAD drafters and CAD operators. Their roles are usually similar with some variation.
Where Does a Computer Aided Design Technician Work?
CAD skills are transferable, useful in a wide range of industries. However, one industry stands out as employing more than any other industry. That is architectural services, and it employs 49% - that's nearly half - of all Computer Aided Design Technicians. This will include buildings and landscape architecture. Architecture requires superior technical skills at all steps of the way, including the design of models of every system and the building itself. Similarly, 9% work in construction although these CAD technicians will work with existing designs rather than at concept stage as they would with architects.
The second largest area of employment for CAD technicians is in manufacturing. As mentioned above, products require lengthy testing and design. CAD is one of the most important steps between the initial conceptual design drawings and producing the prototype, especially today with the advent of 3D modelling. Manufacturing can include as diverse a range as clothing, automotive parts, aerospace parts, electronics, heavy machinery and much more.
What Is the Average Computer Aided Design Technician Salary?
According to 2015 data, the median salary for CAD Technicians was $52,720. The range was $33,590 for the lowest 10% of earners and in excess of $83,350 for the highest 10% of earners. Electrical drafters earned the highest salary with an average of $59,520. Mechanical drafters earned around the median at $53,520 with architecture and civic drafters slightly lower at $50,710. All others earned around $49,650. The highest paying industry was construction despite employing amongst the fewest numbers at $53,330. This is just over the median. Manufacturing paid $52,120 and architecture industry paid slightly less at $52,030.
|State||Total Employment||Bottom 25%||Median Salary||Top 75%|
|District of Columbia||-||$52,210||$56,710||$61,480|
Table data taken from BLS (http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes173012.htm)
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A computer-aided design (CAD) technician is required to have a strong knowledge of specialized computer software that allows them to design detailed working diagrams of machinery, structures and other products and systems. A CAD technician at the beginning of his or her career may be tasked with the following job duties:
- Coordinate the collection of data and incorporate this information into detailed design drawings and specifications for mechanical equipment, structures, tools, products and systems using computer-aided drafting tools
- Produce three-dimensional models of products, using computer-aided design (CAD) software
- Lay out and draw schematic, orthographic or angle views to depict functional relationships of components, assemblies, systems and machines
- Compute mathematical formulas to develop and design specifications for components, structures, machinery or products
- Work with customer representatives to review schematics and answer questions pertaining to installation of systems
- Modify and revise designs to correct operating or production problems that may arise
- Check dimensions of materials to be used and assign numbers to the materials
- Develop a solid understanding and experience level with the latest CAD software
A computer-aided design technician who has developed several years of work experience may take on more of an advisory and oversight role. His or her job duties may include:
- Review and analyze specifications, sketches, drawings, ideas and related data to assess efficiency and feasibility of design
- Coordinate with and consult other workers to design, lay out or detail components and systems and resolve design problems
- Discuss designs or plans with clients and other stakeholders
- Supervise engineering or other technical personnel
What Is the Job Demand for Computer Aided Design Technicians?
3D printing has revolutionized the manufacture of prototypes, improved accuracy and sped up production of new types of product. It has aided industry, but the number of jobs could be adversely affected by this new technology. For electronics, the industry is expected to grow some 5% between 2014 and 2024, which is slightly lower than the mean average of all jobs in the US. However, the picture for other types of drafting role is very different. Most opportunities will drop between 3% and 7% over the same period. CAD specialists could be largely protected from this drop, so candidates are advised to improve their employability with digital skills.
What Are the Education Requirements to Become a Computer Aided Design Technician?
High school students will need to demonstrate scientific proficiency, particularly in math and information technology. Technical skills are more highly valued with CAD Technician work than for most other subjects, but good grades in math, and in some cases physics (for architecture or engineering roles), will help the student in their intended career. However, any CAD qualification will provide transferable skills.
There are multiple education pathways for the prospective CAD Technician. The first choice is to pursue practical skills through post-secondary education. Most technical or community colleges offer CAD or related qualifications. These practical courses will teach working skills throughout the duration of the course. Students who pursue this path may need to seek internships or other avenues of working experience. You may be expected to carry out practical projects useful to the job.
The second path is to pursue a degree, which will open more opportunities for the prospective CAD technician. As these will teach both practical skills and theory relevant to certain industries, a degree course will benefit some entries into the CAD Technician jobs market. With the employment market looking precarious for the next decade, students should ideally pursue degrees where possible and where their grades permit. For specialist roles such as environmental engineering, it may be advisable to take a degree in Environmental Geoscience and take CAD as a minor or elective. Postgraduate degrees are not always required, but certification may be in some instances. Geographic Information Systems may be an advisable course to complement some roles.
CAD Technician - Related Degrees
What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do Computer Aided Design Technicians Have?
CAD is a large, global discipline that has been around for decades.
- American Design Drafting Association: Their mission is to prepare CAD Technicians and other drafters to preserve the past and imagine the future. They provide certification that may be necessary for some roles in North America
- United States National CAD Standard: This organization facilitates communication between the various disparate CAD professionals in the US, ensuring a commitment to standards and continued cooperation in the construction and architecture industries
- ACADIA: The Association for CAD in Architecture promotes communication, standards and critical thinking between CAD workers in the architecture field