NEPA/CEQA Managers are environmental compliance managers that work with organizations to ensure that a business does not break these laws.
What Does an NEPA/CEQA Manager Do?
Since before the birth of the EPA in the early 1970s there had been a large amount of pressure on Federal government to protect the environment. President Nixon brought together various disparate bodies into the EPA, which amalgamated as one body in 1970. In that same year, two acts passed - one Federal and one for the state of California. NEPA (National Environmental Protection Act) and CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act) were passed to pass into law, government, citizen and business responsibilities on compliance with protecting the environment. Since then, other laws and regulations have passed, each adhering to CEQA and NEPA in spirit, and promoting good environmental practice and planning. These laws are complex and evolving, which means that organizations operating in California and the US are required to abide by them.
Growing environmental issues - and public demand for corporate responsibility - mean that a great many organizations now employ specific environmental managers to ensure continued adherence to these laws. NEPA/CEQA managers examine and evaluate a business' actions and evaluate them in the form of reports which they will then supply to senior decision makers. They are researchers and managers, but have a background in environmental law. They are less likely to be collecting primary data and more likely to be compiling the environmental data that others collect and collating it into reports and making recommendations.
Where Does an NEPA/CEQA Manager Work?
The majority of NEPA/CEQA Managers work in management, scientific and technical consulting services. Around 23% of current employees in this sector work independently of businesses or in these consulting firms. Outsourcing their environmental compliance is a sound business decision for many organizations where they cannot afford to employ somebody for this role full time.
The next highest employer is state government with 22% of employees. Ensuring environmental compliance with these laws is a government responsibility as well as a private corporate one - the governments must comply with the laws that they set. Individuals in these roles may also be involved in prosecutions, building cases for government prosecutors or called in as expert witnesses. At 21%, local government is the next biggest employer. They fulfil much the same roles. Another role is in corporate environmental training and education. Finally for government, Federal institutions employ around 6%.
Engineering services also employ a large number of specialists (around 10%). They will ensure that engineers, construction workers and contractors comply with environmental expectation on material disposal and handling, building regulations and other on-the-ground tasks. They may also observe the employees in action and produce reports throughout and after a project.
What Is the Average NEPA/CEQA Manager's Salary?
NEPA/CEQA Managers are environmental specialists with a background in law & compliance, and planning and theory, salary data depends on their sector of work - with government employing the most numbers proportionally. The median salary for all environmental specialists according to May 2015 data was $67,460. Federal government was the biggest payer with a median of $99,260. Other sectors pay much closer to the median, with management scientific paying $68,410; engineering services paid $67,830. Slightly under the median were local government ($65,320) and state government ($60,280).
NEPA / CEQA Manager Jobs & Job Description
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A National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) or California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) Manager determines the compliance and environmental impact of various projects, such as urbanization and development projects. A specialized skill set is required for a NEPA/CEQA Manager and includes:
- A Bachelor's degree in environmental studies, natural sciences or related field of study
- Ability to retain a complex degree of knowledge relating to environmental laws, regulations, and policies
- Excellent written, verbal and technical communication skills
- Ability to adhere to work schedules and budgets while completing work projects
- Ability to perform work in an office environment or outdoors while performing field monitoring and assessment
- Capability to work independently and as a positive asset within a team dynamic
- Display exceptional computer skills to produce relevant and concise reports as well as industry-compliant NEPA/CEQA documentation regarding work projects
- Provide environmental analyses for documents applicable to NEPA/CEQA
- Assess stakeholder compliance to NEPA/CEQA regarding environmental impact of construction, development or other work projects
- Maintain clear records and compliance reports of environmental information
- Provide environmental impact consulting to parties involved with projects
- Conduct environmental research and field monitoring on current projects
The role of a senior level NEPA/CEQA Manager requires full development of several of the same skills required for a junior level NEPA/CEQA Manager. Additional skills required for a senior level position include:
- A Master's degree or Ph.D. in environmental studies, natural sciences or related field of study
- Ability to dynamically present information and communicate effectively with clients and the public
- Provide environmental support and management for various simultaneous work projects
- Design project budgets with respect to NEPA/CEQA principles and agencies
- Hire new employees for projects and train as required
- Administer mitigation factors to NEPA/CEQA regarding impacts of environmental planning and development
- Provide regulation compliance to projects and develop concise reporting and documentation
- Coordinate and consult on multiple projects
- Mentor junior level staff regarding strategic thinking and
- Generate technical NEPA/CEQA documents to present to management and public or private agencies
- Ensure environmental permits and agency approvals are obtained as required
What Is the Job Demand for NEPA/CEQA Managers?
Job demand for all environmental specialists, including NEPA and CEQA managers is expected to grow between 11% between 2014 and 2024. That is 50% higher than the national average for all jobs, which is expected to be in the region of 7%. There will be a greater demand placed on the economy, businesses and government in the next decade in line with ongoing national consultation and international agreements. It is expected that more businesses will consult with environmental scientists and other experts for direct information and advice on their actions and policies.
NEPA / CEQA - Related Degrees
What Are the Education Requirements to Become an NEPA/CEQA Manager?
High School students looking to enter a career in this area should focus on the sciences primarily, particularly biology, chemistry and physics. They should also take English language - as this is an important communication skill for any policy and law role. Also of importance is math. Statistics and associated analyses are likely to make up a part of this role.
A degree is required at the very least, although there may be precious few entry-level roles available for those who only have a bachelor's degree. Research and statistics, legal knowledge and subtle nuances of ecology, pollution and general environment issues will not be adequately covered in a bachelor's degree. Students should study environmental law degrees where available and minors and electives in the sciences. Alternatively, study environmental sciences as a major, and law as minors.
Doctorates may be attractive to some of the more lucrative and attractive roles - such as advisory to Federal government bodies such as the EPA and advanced decision-making roles for the highest echelons of government and, for example, the United Nations.
NEPA / CEQA - Related Degrees
What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do NEPA/CEQA Managers Have?
No specific bodies exist for this type of role. However, there are many bodies dedicated to environmental legislation and standards.
- National Association of Environmental Professionals: The organization has a lobbying body tasked with ensuring promotion of CEQA and NEPA and ensuring compliance
- ICF International: This global public consultancy group works with government and private industry to ensure that there is legal compliance with national and international laws
- International Association for Impact Assessment: This is a global body for those involved in impact assessment rather than directly in law. They may offer guidance on changes to law rather than examining compliance