A GIS Technician uploads data and ensures its accuracy, relevance and that it is up to date.
What Does a GIS Technician Do?
Geographic Information Systems have improved the management and understanding of geographical areas. It's an information technology which blends cartography with digital manipulation and analysis such as Computer Aided Design. The key difference is that it is used to design, manage, plan and examine topographical data. This growth area has a range of roles available and is expected to expand into new areas over the coming years. It is used in climate science, environmental conservation, anthropology, archaeology and regional planning. One of these roles is GIS Technician, a person responsible for digitizing, inputting, updating and ensuring the integrity of the data in the system.
They are different from GIS users in that they don't simply consume the data. They differ from GIS Specialists in that they do not manipulate data, analyze, filter or create reports. Essentially, a GIS Technician is a database administrator who updates the data but does not use it. They will have administrator capabilities and will have day-to-day responsibilities such as updating records presented by researchers. They may extract the data, but usually for others instead of using it for themselves. Typical data they would handle will include qualitative and quantitative data such as aerial photographs, environmental readings (such as pollen, water pollution) and population density.
Where Does a GIS Technician Work?
It was reported in 2014 that there were over 57,000 GIS professionals in the USA. That number is growing and is expected to continue to rise as the technology becomes cheaper and more widely available. The majority of employment opportunities exist in scientific and technical consulting, typically for independent contractors. These specialist organizations provide a variety of contractual services to government, private industry and the charity sector who may not have the resources or money to fund GIS systems within their organizations.
There arealso specialist departments within technical and scientific services. For example, the oil and gas industry uses a lot of GIS data for surveying resources and planning new developments. Environmental organizations use this data to plan conservation strategies or track populations of animal and plant species.
A small proportion work for Federal, state and local government in a range of roles. This will include civic planning, natural resource management, transportation planning, construction and public services. At the Federal level, we can expect some roles at bodies such as the EPA, NOAA and NASA, especially where geographical data is used for academic study, reports for decision makers and policy.
What Is the Average GIS Technician Salary?
PayScale reports that GIS Technicians earned an average salary of $42,135 in January 2017. The lowest 10% of earners recorded a salary of $32,095 and the highest 10% reported $55,687. The equivalent hourly rates were $18.50 (average) with the range of $13.92 to $24.90. The rise in salary based on experience and skills is fairly stable. Most are likely to move into more senior roles after several years including GIS Analyst, GIS Specialist and Database Manager.
GIS Technician Jobs & Job Description
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What Is the Job Demand for GIS Technicians?
As GIS technology increases in use, so will the number of employees required in the sector. GIS Specialists and programmers, and those who collect the data to put into a GIS will require relevant uptake in offices to process the data. According to data from BLS in 2015, all GIS related roles are expected to increase in the region of 29% between 2014 and 2024. Advances in surveying and data collection technology mean further digitization over the coming decade.
What Are the Education Requirements to Become a GIS Technician?
High school students will require strong IT skills as well as grounding in the sciences (any, but environmental science, physics and biology will be useful to most career paths). Geography should also feature strongly in order to be eligible for a relevant degree course. Most schools will not teach GIS as a core subject but that may grow with environment and geography in schools after the next decade. Anything that improves IT skills should feature. Math will be useful too, but not essential.
There are GIS degrees and these are growing, but remain few. Due to a large number of areas where GIS is useful, almost any degree that will use geographic theory and practice will be eligible for this type of career. Geography is the most obvious, but most environmental degrees (environmental science, environmental biology, environmental chemistry) will be useful too. Don't overlook planning degrees. However, students should not neglect their IT skills. Should the college offer GIS as a minor or elective and not a core part of the major, this should be pursued as a matter of priority. In order to understand the data that you will process as a GIS Technician, math may be useful. You may occasionally be asked to work with statistical data in software such as Microsoft SPSS.
A bachelor's degree is all that is required for most GIS Technician jobs. If the student wishes to enter into further study, they may find better-paying and more engaging work available such as a GIS Specialist, Data Scientist, GIS Programmer and so on. This is a hands-on, practical role so postgraduate qualification to Doctorate level will not be necessary.
GIS Technician - Related Degrees
What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do GIS Technicians Have?
GIS has revolutionized how we work with mapping data. Here are some organizations at the forefront of that
- American Association of Geographers GIS: AAG is the largest body of its kind in the US for practitioners and education professionals. They now have a dedicated subsection for GIS employees
- Cartography and Geographic Information Society: CaGIS is all about the science, technology and methods of investigating geographic data and science
- Geospatial Information and Technology Association: GITA is the premier body dedicated to information exchange and education standards improvement at all levels - schools, colleges and the workplace