Industrial Hygienists protect and mitigate the safety of employees in the use of materials and systems.
What Does an Industrial Hygienist Do?
Industrial Hygiene is vital for workplace safety. Many people use toxic substances in the work place. Materials such as industrial cleaning fluids and testing chemicals, particles from industrial processes (fiberglass and other small fragments that require ventilation and so on) have potential public health consequences for people and the environment. They have a wide range of tasks including safety control - such as checking that ventilation systems are in full working order. They are also tasked with ensuring that safety procedures of handling materials are followed, in terms of using the correct safety equipment (goggles, gloves and overalls) and their proper storage. Sometimes, they are in charge of training others in health and safety procedures.
Their role is to anticipate and recognize problems before they arise and as they arise, and to know what to do in the event that they do arise. Workplace illness and injury costs employees their livelihoods, health and lives. They also cost businesses money (fines and compensation for the affected worker(s)) and reputation where neglect is demonstrated. They are, in many ways, an applied scientist, but they also work as engineers and safety inspectors, depending on their environment and work sector. Their job is to protect people and environments from the acts of industrial processes such as manufacturing, engineering and repair, particularly where toxic materials are used.
Where Does an Industrial Hygienist Work?
Industrial hygienists work wherever workplace safety is required - this covers almost all work environments in the USA today. They are not limited to areas where there toxic chemicals are used. They also protect environments from industrial processes and are as likely to work on a construction site as they are to work in a chemical factory. Another name for Industrial Hygienists is Occupational Health and Safety Specialists. They are closely related to other Health & Safety professionals.
18% of industrial hygiene professionals work for state and local government. They will often be government inspectors tasked with ensuring that local businesses and individuals adhere to workplace safety and the safe use of hazardous materials. Around 11% work in Federal government fulfilling much the same roles. The majority employer though will be government agencies such as CDC and the military. They will work in Federal government buildings such as colleges and universities, civic buildings and for scientific institutes.
The next largest employer is manufacturing with 16% (around one in every six). Factories have some of the highest risks to health and safety and require a large number of people tasked with the protection of employees. The last highest employer is construction with 7% of employees. Their roles will be similar to that of manufacturing.
What Is the Average Industrial Hygienist Salary?
According to May 2015 statistics, the median salary for Industrial Hygienists was $70,210. The lowest 10% in this career earned $40,890 and the top 10% earned $102,980. Federal government jobs paid more than the average, with a median of $78,510. Professional and scientific services and manufacturing paid just over the median with $72,490 and $71,530 respectively. Construction paid just under the median with a salary of $67,920. State and local government, despite employing the highest numbers, paid around $12,000 less per year with a median salary of $58,830.
Industrial Hygiene Jobs & Job Description
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Determining acute and chronic health hazards and risks present in the workplace is a primary task of an Industrial Hygienist. Although the tasks will vary depending on the place of employment, many of the general tasks and requirements are:
- A Bachelor's degree in occupational health and safety or related field of study
- Provide injury and disease risk assessments to a variety of work environments
- Capability to work on a team and individually when required
- Capacity to manage time efficiently with strong organizational skills
- Develop action plans for health committees and programs in the workplace
- Conduct regular inspections at workplace to determine risks, such as hazardous materials, safety opportunities and biohazards
- Ability to use specialized equipment and monitoring instruments to measure various hazards, such as airborne contaminants or noise pollution
- Provide training to employees to reduce or eliminate injury in the workplace
- Ensure that personal protective equipment is available, inventoried and in good working condition
- Possess specialized licences or certifications, such as the American Board of Industrial Hygienist certification
- Thoroughly investigate all aspects of workplace injury or death and construct reports and recommendations
The role of a senior level Industrial Hygienist will include many of the same tasks outlined in the entry-level position. Additional tasks and requirements that make up a senior level position are:
- Several years of experience working in the field of industrial hygiene
- Ability to construct policies and procedures for safe practices in the workplace
- Extensive travel may be required to oversee multiple workplaces
- Communicate at meetings and seminars within the workplace or with clients at a predetermined location
- Ability to manage a team of individuals to carry out designated work tasks
- Attend training and stay current on knowledge and applications of industrial hygiene
- Design risk maps for the workplace identifying all potential hazards or risks
- Evaluate risk assessment reports to determine if corrective actions were followed
- Address complaints or concerns relating to workplace hazards or risks from employees or clients
What Is the Job Demand for Industrial Hygienists?
Demand for Industrial Hygienists and Occupational Health & Safety Specialists is expected to slow to 4% in the coming decade. This is half that of the expected growth of all jobs across the country. Why this demand will drop is unclear, especially in view of tighter health and safety rules coming through government and efforts to prevent workplace illness and death. New technology is predicted to be the reason, so this could slow the rate of take up. Those with technology skills may find more opportunities open.
What Are the Education Requirements to Become an Industrial Hygienist?
Industrial Hygienists, at the very minimum, require a bachelor's degree. Typical BAs for this employment pathway are engineering, chemistry, physics and biological sciences. Graduates will require biological understanding of the effects of the chemicals and substances in the place where they work. Medical qualifications may be helpful, but not essential, as will those centered on workplace or environmental law.
The projected slowdown in employment demand means that those with advanced degrees such as Mas and MS will find more opportunities available. In terms of the work, masters are not essential but as competition increases, those without advanced degrees will find they struggle to compete. Masters degrees will include education and training on handling hazard materials, health physics, public health, and a greater knowledge of health and safety law.
Doctorates are necessary only for those who wish to engage in academic research, and even then towards chemistry, biology and physics rather than industrial hygiene. They may also be useful for individuals wishing to enter a specialist medical career.
Although this is not vital for practice, all professional Industrial Hygienists are recommended to seek certification.
Industrial Hygiene - Related Degrees
What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do Industrial Hygienists Have?
Industrial hygiene is a large and important area with the following bodies:
- American Industrial Hygiene Association: AIHA is a professional networking body and information resource for professionals in the USA. They are the largest organization of its kind, offering advice and guidance to government and the industry
- American Board of Industrial Hygiene: For those seeking certification to practice industrial hygiene, the ABIH is the organization to which you will apply. They list accredited programs and international standards suitable for certification
- CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: This division of the CDC develops health and safety protocols and systems for the Federal government, making sure that safety is relevant and promotes American workers' health