What is an Energy Manager?

Energy management is the strategic evaluation of energy use. Energy management is concerned with planning for energy efficiency. It may involve the energy usage of machinery, equipment, buildings, other physical structures, or processes. It deals with planning new projects and improving existing ones.

An energy manager evaluates energy use and designs energy programs that increase efficiency and reduce energy-related costs. They redesign processes, retrofit buildings and equipment, and plan energy-related systems for new projects.

Energy managers may also be responsible for improving the efficiency of water systems. Some energy managers specialize in certain systems or aspects of energy management such as heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or lighting.

What Does an Energy Manager Do?

Energy managers perform audits to evaluate energy use, costs, or efficiency initiatives. They monitor and analyze energy consumption, and sometimes water consumption as well. They design energy efficiency projects and manage their implementation to ensure they meet deadlines, budgets, specifications, and legal requirements. This usually involves conducting life cycle analyses and inspecting job sites. Energy managers plan and renew energy initiatives for new construction, renovations, and retrofits that maximize energy conservation. They review plans for future projects to determine their feasibility and energy requirements.

Some energy managers are responsible for supporting LEED certification of green buildings, or reporting greenhouse gas data to support voluntary climate commitments. Some also deal with utility procurement, ensuring that the company or client is getting the best value. Energy managers must write reports, work plans, and evaluation plans and submit them to management. Some are also tasked with identifying appropriate funding sources for projects and submitting the required documentation to funding agencies.

Energy managers are tremendously important professionals who help slow climate change, conserve energy resources, and maintain energy independence by making our industries and offices more efficient and less wasteful.

Where Does an Energy Manager Work?

Since manufacturing and heavy industry are energy-intensive endeavors, many energy managers are employed by manufacturing companies. Due to their commitment to the futures of their students, colleges and universities also frequently employ energy managers. These workers improve the energy efficiency of campus utilities, lighting, dining and residence halls, laboratories, and classrooms. Many energy managers also work for federal and state government agencies. For example, they may work to conserve energy at military bases or government offices.

Energy managers spend much of their time working in offices, where they create and review plans and write reports. However, they also work at job sites, where they oversee project implementation and monitor energy usage. They may need to travel to reach job sites.

What Is the Average Energy Manager Salary?

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported an average annual salary of $92,680 for energy engineers in 2013.

StateTotal EmploymentBottom 25%Median SalaryTop 75%
Alabama3,870$85,160$108,110$135,360
Alaska650$98,860$117,970$142,250
Arizona1,430$69,090$88,150$107,230
Arkansas240$47,620$70,510$103,640
California16,580$79,700$102,530$127,600
Colorado1,560$77,300$97,930$121,050
Connecticut1,290$61,530$78,930$100,910
Delaware-$91,730$103,810$113,010
District of Columbia2,950$106,040$129,760$148,510
Florida4,630$67,220$90,520$113,160
Georgia1,860$65,190$85,520$106,370
Hawaii770$78,960$95,470$110,690
Idaho440$61,570$79,950$106,350
Illinois7,640$67,190$87,890$111,680
Indiana2,280$63,570$78,080$97,030
Iowa1,390$53,400$70,250$89,530
Kansas540$55,990$76,440$101,150
Kentucky1,180$57,600$74,540$93,140
Louisiana3,010$54,950$71,760$92,840
Maine400$66,940$89,460$101,370
Maryland4,500$77,460$115,740$140,050
Massachusetts1,610$67,540$95,090$116,280
Michigan8,060$66,470$86,170$107,440
Minnesota2,220$70,390$87,870$107,800
Mississippi320$68,830$98,030$116,030
Missouri1,420$55,690$85,990$112,800
Montana240$65,630$70,840$81,920
Nebraska550$52,870$69,960$88,080
Nevada800$62,280$90,390$117,430
New Hampshire1,190$66,070$80,690$97,300
New Jersey4,460$74,340$98,410$122,010
New Mexico3,200$81,410$105,230$127,820
New York2,450$70,100$90,020$113,930
North Carolina1,750$65,970$91,500$115,920
North Dakota160$49,470$58,260$71,370
Ohio7,350$63,020$84,060$108,320
Oklahoma710$61,060$90,020$111,530
Oregon2,230$70,870$93,820$113,700
Pennsylvania2,540$69,250$85,940$105,990
Puerto Rico460$42,360$56,280$77,840
Rhode Island440$75,220$97,040$120,980
South Carolina570$65,390$96,270$116,240
Tennessee1,720$41,840$72,010$102,840
Texas8,020$75,750$102,700$130,180
Utah460$59,310$90,020$106,360
Vermont60$71,740$80,580$89,450
Virginia4,170$77,990$108,180$136,480
Washington3,490$63,300$96,760$119,600
West Virginia440$61,230$86,730$106,370
Wisconsin2,730$51,350$68,410$88,350
Wyoming140$58,680$79,190$94,390

Table data taken from BLS (http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes172199.htm)

What Is the Job Demand for Energy Managers?

BLS projects slower job growth than average (3% to 7%) in this field, which will add 29,500 jobs between 2012 and 2022.

How Do I Get an Energy Manager Degree?

The educational requirements for energy managers are broad. Many positions require a bachelor's degree in engineering from an ABET-accredited program. However, many also accept candidates with relevant degrees in architecture, mathematics, or physical sciences. Some even have business backgrounds as facility managers.

Energy Manager Certification

Most positions require a Certified Energy Manager (CEM) credential. The education requirements for CEM certification are flexible, and take into account the range of educational degrees and years of experience candidates may have. Candidates must have a combination of education and experience, attend a preparatory CEM training seminar, pass an exam, and pay a fee. Certified professionals must participate in continuing education to renew their certification.

Energy Manager Licensure

Aspiring energy managers with engineering degrees should be aware that engineers who offer their services directly to the public must be licensed as professional engineers (PEs). Licensure generally requires:

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

College graduates may take the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam immediately. Engineers who pass this exam are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After gaining four years of work experience, EITs and EIs can go on to take the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam to qualify for licensure.

Several states require engineers to participate in professional development activities in order to keep their licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as that state's requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.

Related Degree Options for Energy Management

What Kind of Societies and Professional Organizations Do Energy Managers Have?

  • The Association of Energy Engineers (AEM) provides information and networking opportunities to professionals involved in energy management, renewables, energy services, power generation, sustainability and more. It has over 17,000 professionals in 90 countries and 95 local chapters. It also organizes an Energy Managers Society (EMS) division. AEM administers Certified Energy Manager (CEM) certification, as well as many other related certifications.
  • The Energy Management Association (EMA) is a new professional society offering an optional Energy Management Professional (EMP) certification. It also organizes an annual conference, offers professional development, and publishes an Energy Management Guideline.